This is an issue that Year 11 and 12 students will have been looking at in preparation for the forthcoming GCSE and AS exam’s. Japan’s slow population growth has been a cause for concern for a number of years, with concerns that a reduced workforce resulting from fewer young people will mean that Japan will be in a position where they find it will struggle to support the elderly. In 2000, one in six people in Japan were over the age of 65. This excellent audio slideshow considering the issues surrounding Japan’s rapidly ageing society was published on the web by the guardian today and is well worth looking at / listening to (particularly Year 11 and Year 12 students!)
See this written article “Japan’s age-old problem” for further reading.